In this article, Type Media Center fellow Adam Federman explores the contemporary fascination with fungi through a discussion of Merlin Sheldrake’s book Entangled Life.


  • Cultural Divide: The article details the historical divide between mycophiles–those who love fungi–and mycophobes–those who fear fungi. Federman notes a stark difference in the perception of fungi by Westerners versus Easterners, and the delay in interest throughout the western world.
  • Fungi for Humanity: Federman discusses the benefits of fungi for humans throughout history, referencing the discovery of penicillin, the use of fungi in pharmaceuticals, and mycoremediation–the use of fungi to clean up contaminated environments.
  • Threats on Both Sides: The article covers both the threats posed by fungi, like fungal diseases, and the threats against fungi, like deforestation and climate change.
  • Merlin Sheldrake: Federman highlights the contributions of biologist Merlin Sheldrake to the growing interest in fungi, particularly through his book, Entangled Life, which explores connections between fungi and various other forms of life.

Type Media Center’s Note

This article by our fellow Adam Federman reflects Type Media Center’s dedication to nurturing independent journalism that not only informs but strives for societal change.